Bob is built with Python3 (>=3.6). Some additional Python packages are required. They are installed automatically as dependencies.
Apart from the Python dependencies additional run time dependencies could arise, e.g.:
GNU coreutils (
curlas the default URL SCM downloader
source code management handlers as used (
extractors based on the supported extensions (
azure-storage-blobPython library if the
azurearchive backend is used. Either install via pip (
python3 -m pip install azure-storage-blob) or download from GitHub.
The actually needed dependencies depend on the used features and the operating system.
There are several options how to install Bob on your system. If in doubt stick
to the standard
If you are unfamiliar with the installation of Python packages make sure to read Installing Packages from the Python Packaging User Guide. The instructions below assume that you have installed Python and that it is available on the command line.
MSYS2 (Windows 10)
Other POSIX platforms should work but are not actively tested
See below for platform specific installation notes.
PyPI release versions
To get the latest released version just use
pip to download the package and
its depedencies from PyPI:
$ python3 -m pip install BobBuildTool [--user]
Release versions are supposed to be stable and keep backwards compatibility.
Install latest development version
If you want to test pre-release versions you can instruct
pip to fetch
and build the package directly from git:
$ python3 -m pip install --user git+https://github.com/BobBuildTool/bob
Note that during development minor breakages can occur.
Hacking on Bob
For the basic hacking there is no installation needed. Just clone the repository:
$ git clone https://github.com/BobBuildTool/bob.git $ cd bob
and add this directory to your
$PATH or set a symlink to
bob from a
directory that is already in
$PATH. You will have to manually install all
required dependencies and the bash completion, though.
pip install -e . resp.
python3 setup.py develop commands do
not work for Bob. The problem is that these installation variants are only
really working for pure python projects. In contrast to that Bob comes with
manpages and C helper applets that are not built by these commands.
The following additional packages and Python modules that are not part of the standard library and need to be installed:
PyYAML. Either install via pip (
python3 -m pip install PyYAML) or the package that comes with your distribution (e.g. python3-yaml on Debian).
schema. Either install via pip (
python3 -m pip install schema) or the package that comes with your distribution (e.g. python3-schema on Debian).
python-magic. Either install via pip (
python3 -m pip install python-magic) or the package that comes with your distribution (e.g. python3-magic on Debian).
pyparsing. Either install via pip (
python3 -m pip install pyparsing) or the package that comes with your distribution (e.g. python3-pyparsing on Debian).
To fully run Bob you need the following tools:
The compiler is only required on Linux.
In case you need to install Bob on machines without internet access the following commands may give you some hints how to do this:
On a machine with internet access download the required packages.
$ mkdir -p bob_install && cd bob_install $ pip3 download BobBuildTool -d . $ pip3 download sphinx -d .
After this transfer the bob_install folder to your offline machine and install bob, but install the dependencies first. Otherwise they are not found or maybe in a wrong version already installed.
$ pip3 install --no-index --find-links /path/to/bob_install Setuptools $ pip3 install --no-index --find-links /path/to/bob_install Sphinx $ pip3 install --no-index --find-links /path/to/bob_install BobBuildTool
Maybe there are some other dependencies missing, e.g. setuptools, setuptools_scm, wheel,…
Linux/POSIX platform notes
Bob comes with a bash completion script. If you installed Bob the completion
should already be available (given that
exists on your system). Otherwise simply source the script
contrib/bash-completion/bob from your ~/.bashrc file. Optionally you can copy the
script to some global directory that is picked up automatically (e.g.
contrib/bash-completion/bob /etc/bash_completion.d/bob on Debian).
Zsh is able to understand the completion script too. Enable it with the following steps:
zsh$ autoload bashcompinit zsh$ bashcompinit zsh$ source contrib/bash-completion/bob
You might have to tweak your kernel settings in order to use the sandbox feature. Bob uses Linux’s user namespaces to run the build in a clean environment. Check if
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/unprivileged_userns_clone 1
yields “1”. If the file exists and the setting is 0 you will get an “operation not permitted” error when building. Add the line
kernel.unprivileged_userns_clone = 1
/etc/sysctl.conf (or wherever your distro stores that).
Windows platform notes
Bob can be used in two flavours on Windows: as native application or in a MSYS2 POSIX environment. Unless your recipes need Unix tools the native installation is recommended.
Python comes with extensive documentation about how to install it on Windows. Only the full installer has been tested but the other methods should probably work as well.
Make sure to add the Python interpreter to
%PATH%. If your recipes use Bash
you must additionally install MSYS2 and add the path to
the native Python interpreter. Otherwise the MSYS2 Python interpreter might be
invoked which does not work.
Windows path lengths have historically been limited to 260 characters.
Starting with Windows 10 the administrator can activate the “Enable Win32
long paths” group policy or you may set the
registry key to
1. Either option is sufficient to remove the path length
If you want to install Bob for all users, make sure you have installed Python
for all users and that you run
pip with administrative rights. Otherwise
the installation will only be done for the current user!
Follow the standard MSYS2 installation. Then install
python-pip and use one of the install methods above.